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 Introduction

 
‚Äč
Constitution
of the
State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

 

INTRODUCTION

From 1663 to 1843 the people of Rhode Island were governed under a Royal Charter granted by King Charles II of England. This was a remarkable document for its era since it created an amazingly liberal and democratic frame of government, far more so than the prevailing government of the mother country.

No doubt its framers and the first office holders under it would be astonished if anyone suggested to them that this parchment with its archaic language would be the basis of the government of the colony for over a hundred years, and then remain in force in the colony-turned-state for nearly seventy years more. But it did survive and remain useful all those years.

However, as the middle of the 19th Century approached it became obvious that economic and demographic changes demanded a new governing constitution for the State of Rhode Island. The new Rhode Island Constitution, much of it modeled on the Royal Charter, was adopted in 1843.

This 1843 Constitution was changed over the years by amendments proposed by the General Assembly. In the 1930s, after the Rhode Island Supreme Court reversed an earlier decision prohibiting Constitutional Conventions, several brief one-day or two-day Constitutional Conventions were held for limited revision purposes.

Then in 1986, the state's third major Constitutional Convention was held. Not only did this 1986 Convention propose a number of amendments to be placed before the voters, but it also prepared an updated version of the 1843 Constitution, which incorporated previous amendments and eliminated all language that had been superseded. It is this 1986 Rhode Island Constitution which appears on the General Assembly website.